Our grandparents, 200 years ago, found a career in farming. 90% of the population took up farming. However, the number has dropped rapidly in recent years. Should this be a point of concern or can we accept it as advancement?
To answer that question, we have to first answer the question of purpose which is How does a farmer help the community? This article takes a look into this salient issue.
What Are The Importance Of Farming To The Community?
Before farming became known, people were only hunters. Man lived by hunting animals and gathering wild plants. When supplies ran out, man will have to move on again and find another inhabitable location where it was easy to get a catch.
When farming became known, the settlement became easy. People could grow the plants they needed and get all the comfort they need while settling in a location. Over time, communities began to develop.
People started having permanent homes. With a settled lifestyle and man could pursue other endeavors. That is the first thing farming did for man;
1. Formation of Community:
Farming made it possible for people to grow, groom, and cultivate what he needs for food. When hunting was the order of the day, man couldn’t settle in a place.
Food is one of the basic needs of man and it is rational for man to go in search of food. When it became difficult for people of the earliest age to get a catch, they simply moved. This constant movement also made it impossible to form communities as we have it today.
2. Beginning of Modern Civilization:
When farming made man settle and have permanent homes, people started to think of how to make living more comfortable and found ways to make difficult things easy. This settlement was the beginning of modern civilization.
It started when farmers began to make tools from stone, wood, bone, and woven grass. Later on, these tools were improved upon and tools that could plant, harvest, and store crops were developed.
Over several years, the evolution of civilization brought us several types of machinery, inventions, and development as we have it today and many are still to come.
What Are The Other Ways Farming Has Affected The Community?
1. Production of Food to Feed the World:
Whether we appreciate it or not, farmers work hard to provide us with food supply. Many years back, farming was the career of a majority of the people. Today, the reverse is the case.
The world population is currently estimated to be 7.3 billion people and the number is expected to rise to 8.5 billion by 2030. By 2050, we should be expecting about 10billion people. That’s a lot of people to feed and there are only a few farmers. The burden lies upon the few numbers of farmers.
We need to encourage farmers since they are the ones to provide safe and nutritious food to their immediate community and the world at large.
2. Nature Conservation:
Nature conservation aims to protect nature and its resources so that it will not be overexploited. Farmers practice several activities to conserve nature. Some of which include:
– Zero tillage:
This conservation method refers to when farmers do not use tillage method so as not to disturb the soil. Tillage of the soil breaks up the soil into pieces, thereby, taking away its power. When soil is tilled, it is prone to erosion, its nutrients can easily be washed away, blown away, or fade away by its exposure to the sun.
– Installing a fence around rivers:
This method is an activity the farmers’ practice to stop water pollutants from reaching the water sources. It helps with water cleanliness. It prevents livestock from getting to the bank of the river because when farm animals get to the bank of the river, they make the water become muddy and filled with dirt making the water unclean.
– Planting Cover crops:
Cover crops help weaken the strength of erosion because these crops help hold the soil together firm with their roots. Therefore, erosion that was supposed to wash the soil away will only pass over while the soil remains intact.
Preservation aims to keep things the way they are for generations to come and improve upon their quality. Farmers sometimes try to preserve land by simply stopping all farming activities on the land to let the land grow naturally, thereby, encouraging soil build-up.
When farmers do this, wildlife such as birds can populate the area and increase in their various species. Native wild plants can also grow and become established in such areas. This way, the generation yet to be born will get the chance to know about these things because they were preserved.
4. Government revenue:
Agriculture is the biggest source of national income in some countries. Some countries do not tax farmers to encourage anyone who wishes to choose to farm as a career.
The government also supports farmers in other ways, for example, the government could make provision for farm varieties of machinery. This encourages farmers to produce surplus farm goods.
When there is a surplus, the government store up the farm goods and arrange them for export to other countries at high prices to meet the demand in the international market. This way, the government makes a profit from farming activities within its locale.
5. Agro-allied businesses:
Many businesses are dependent on farming. These are businesses that find opportunities in the gaps created by farming activities. Example of such business includes:
Has to do with looking into ways farmers can produce high yield and disease-resistant crops.
– Insurance company and banks:
Protecting farms against risks and supplying farm loans to farmers. They make a profit in the process, it’s a mutual benefit.
– Chemical industries:
They manufacture fertilizer as well as pesticides for farmers to use. The goal is to help farmers make high yield.
The list goes on, however, from the above reasons, we can understand the importance of agriculture in our daily life and how it contributes to society.