In recent times, there has been a rise in the demand for food mostly due to the rapid increase in the human population. Although the demand for food consumption is on the high side, some other basic human needs are sought after, like clothing, shelter, drugs, etc. The source of these needs is Agriculture.
What Are The Modern Ways Of Farming? The modern way of farming is by the use of technological innovations to aid in the farming process. This, in turn, reduces stress on the farmer and increases yield.
Agricultural products meet more than 50% of human needs. It’s little wonder why researches try to come up with ideas and innovations on how to improve agricultural yield. The old way of farming is obsolete, hence, the agricultural sector is accepting modern forms of farming.
The infusion of agriculture with technology brought about a word called Agrotechnology. This method focuses on the use of improved varieties of seeds called hybrid seeds, modern technological equipment and other additives like fertilizers.
The overall goal of this project is to achieve a farming system that produces high-quality crops, in large quantities, and with as little stress as possible. This process is visible in the sector as there is an increase in agricultural production over the years.
What Are The Modern Ways Of Farming?
Although this method is a modern method, it is also one of the conservative means of farming. The method involves the planting of only one type or species of the crop on a piece of land.
On land as big as five hectares, only a single type of crop is cultivated on it. This method of planting is often applied because it makes planting easier. Land preparation for the whole land is the same way.
The planting techniques and post-planting operations are also the same all through the land. This method particularly saves time and reduces the cost of production.
During harvest, there is no fear of harvesting and storing different crops in the same place. Because the crops planted are the same, the harvesting process is a lot easier and faster.
2. Chemical pest control:
Pests are any living creatures that cause harm to your farm produce. The pests could be insects or rodents like grass cutters and squirrels. The effects of these pests could be drastic if left unattended to.
They could cause diseases to the crops, reduce the quality and quantity of the farm produce. They also increase the cost of production.
The best way to handle them is to make use of chemicals that will either kill them or keep them off. Most of these chemicals are not harmful to the crops and are very effective. They are also quite affordable.
The phrase ‘till the soil’ is quite commonly used when referring to farming. The reason is that tillage is a very basic pre-planting operation. It involves the breaking up of soil into smaller particles. The use of modernized equipment will make this work easier.
The purpose of this is to allow aeration to take place within the soil. If the soils particles are too tightly packed together, the roots won’t be able to spread and the little crops won’t be able to germinate well.
Loosed soil also allows water to drain easily and avoid swampiness. This farming method is as important as planting a seed itself.
4. Genetic Manipulation:
Researchers who studied molecular biology and genetic engineering have come up with so many improved seeds. These seeds produce hybrid crops. Crops with different features genetically produce these hybrids.
Genetic engineering focuses on getting specific traits and genes from different varieties. They then fuse them into a single species. This makes the specie an improved one having all the desired traits from two or more varieties.
Some factors need to be met before crop production can take place. One of these important factors is water. A crop needs water to grow well.
While rain is the main source of water for a farm, it is unfortunate that it doesn’t fall all year round. There are times when dry seasons are experienced. It is in times like this that irrigation is of use.
Most farmers irrigate their farms by building dams that hold or store water during rainy seasons. Others make use of boreholes and wells where they can draw water from. Reservoirs and sprinklers are also used.
If a river is not too far from the farm, some farmers build pathways between the plant rows. The pathways run from the river to the farms. It irrigates the farm during the dry season. So despite the season, food is available all year round.
6. Application of Inorganic Fertilizer:
Fertilizers have a specific function – to increase the yield and size of the crops. There is usually a huge difference between crops grown with fertilizers and those that weren’t. They tend to last longer without getting spoilt.
This reason is why companies like Amazon partner with agricultural companies to distribute farm produce. These fertilizers are a welcome help for lands that are tired and worn out.
They increase crop yield and also add nutrients to the plants. The methods of application are very easy and anybody can use them.
What Are The Modern Types Of Machinery Used In Farming?
When mentioning modern farming methods, some machinery cannot but be named as well. These machineries help the farmer in day to day activities. There is equipment for pre-planting, planting, and post-planting operations.
They are ploughers, tractors, bulldozers, threshers, harvesters, ridge makers, winnowing machines, etc. Each of these types of machinery has various functions.
What Are The Farming Methods in Agriculture?
There are extensive and intensive methods. Each of these methods results in a large production of farm produce. The extensive method is the practice of farming a large piece of land. The planting goes with very little input into the land and still get your result.
While the intensive method involves a huge investment of time and money into a large area of land to produce commercially. It usually involves the rearing of livestock and the planting of crops. This method maximizes the land as much as possible to produce more.